April 20th, 2016

Licata Sicily

Canicatti, Sicily

Chiesa Spirito Santo, Canicatti, Sicily

The name of Canicattė is of Arabic origin, from خندق الطين Khandaq al-ṭīn, meaning 'clay ditch'.
During the conquest of Sicily by the Normans, the local Muslim lord was besieged and defeated by baron Salvatore Palmeri (1087),
a follower of
Roger I of Sicily

U Cannuni Castello, Mazzarino, Sicily

Lunch in Barrenfranca, Sicily
Il Gelso Nero Restaurant - Carpaccio appitizer plate

Il Gelso Nero
Gnocchi in a red sauce

The road to Pietraperzia, Sicily

Pietraperzia, Sicily

The road to Enna, Sicily

From Enna looking north to Calascibetta

Piazza Scelfo, Enna
My apartment is located in the back building, on the far right,
the single window facing the piazza.

The view from Enna looking northeast towards Mt. Etna

The city of Enna (known as Castrogiovanni until the 1920s) is located high on a mountaintop almost in the exact center of Sicily,
affording a panoramic view overlooking the scenic valleys of Sicily's rugged interior.
Enna's position makes it a natural strategic defensive position; any army that sought to control Sicily's interior would have to hold Enna.

Historically, Enna is unique in being the only important city of ancient Sicily that was not founded by foreign invaders;
 it was established by one of Sicily's three indigenous peoples, the Sicels (or Siculi),
from whom the name "Sicily" (from Sikelia) itself derives.
This makes Enna one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities on the island.

Enna's main attraction is the Lombard Castle, built by Frederick II in the early part of the 13th century.
Many historians, however, agree that the castle was erected upon the ruins of an earlier fortification, possibly Arab or Byzantine.
That older fortress could have been built on the remnants of an even earlier structure dating to the Roman period.

It is believed that the castle's name derives from the fact that Frederick II garrisoned the fort with troops from what is now northern Italy.
In the 14th Century, Frederick III (son of Peter of Aragon), as ruler of Sicily, further improved the castle's defenses.
It was here that he was crowned "King of Trinacria."

The "Lombard Castle" originally had 20 towers, but only six have survived to the present day.
The so-called Pisan Tower is the tallest and offers a breathtaking panoramic view of Sicily's scenic Dittaino Valley.

The castle is built in three levels of courtyards which seem to run haphazardly into each other.
One of these courtyards serves as an open-air theatre; archaeological excavations are being conducted in the others.

Leaving Enna after my 3 day trip to begin my 2016 vacation in Sicily
Spending a month in Petralia Soprana.....